Older versions

  • Version 20.05
    Accepted proposals include SVD-WG007 and SVD-WG008:

    • SVD-WG008 (Reference Sequences): specifies requirements for acceptable Reference Sequences.
    • SVD-WG007 (RNA fusion): specifies how to describe adjoined transcripts from gene fusions.
  • Version 19.01
    Accepted proposals include SVD-WG005 and SVD-WG006:

    • SVD-WG006 (circular DNA): allows descriptions like o.16000_100del.
    • SVD-WG005 (gom/lom): allows descriptions of changes in general methylation status, like g.123_456|lom.
    • Named extension ISCN: Proposal SVD-WG004 (ISCN<>HGVS) has been accepted a "named extension ISCN".
  • Version 15.11
    Accepted proposals include SVD-WG001 and SVD-WG002:

  • Version 2.121101

    • Variants affecting translation termination
      Variants that replace the translation termination codon but do not encounter a new stop in the new reading frame are described as p.321Argext?.
      Frameshift variants with the same effect are described as p.Ile321Argfs*? (see Protein descriptions).
  • Version 2.120831

    • Protein description in parentheses
      Parentheses in protein variant descriptions can be omitted when there is sufficient experimental evidence.
    • Variants affecting translation initiation
      on protein level, variants that generate a new upstream translation initiation codons are described using the format p.Met1ext-5 (see Protein extensions).
  • Version 1
    The 2000 publication of Den Dunnen JT and Antonarakis SE (Mutation nomenclature extensions and suggestions to describe complex mutations: a discussion. Hum.Mutat. 15:7-12) contains a more formal set of recommendations and is considered as version 1.

  • Version 0
    On the page "History regarding the description of sequence variants" we give an overview of all publications on the description of sequence variants. These papers can be considered as pre-versions of the first recommendations, a version 0.

Changes/additions going from the 2000 to 2016 recommendations#

  • Reference sequence
    for diagnostic applications, the recommendation is to use a Locus Reference Genomic sequence (LRG, Dalgleish et al. 2010) as the reference sequence for variant descriptions. Prefixes for new reference sequence types have been added (e.g., m. and n., as well as indicators to specify different transcript variants (t1) and protein isoforms (p1) annotated in the reference sequence (see Reference Sequences).

  • Definitions
    the basic types of variants were defined more strictly. In addition, variant types have been prioritized (see General recommendations).

  • Pre-existing standards
    pre-existing standards from the IUPAC and IUBMB for the description of nucleotides and amino acids are now used throughout the recommendations. These include letter codes to describe incompletely specified residues at both DNA and protein level (see Standards). Description of the translation termination (stop) codon on the protein/amino acid level changed from "X" to "Ter" / "*" since "X" in the IUPAC-IUB nomenclature means an "unspecified" or "unknown" amino acid.

  • Incorporate ISCN standards
    recommendations were made to describe changes with uncertain break points (i.e. not sequenced), obtained using technologies like FISH, arrays and MLPA. Furthermore, where possible, HGVS incorporated established ISCN standards in the recommendations, include the use of / (forward slash) to describe somatic variants and // for chimerism (see General recommendations).

  • Simplification
    in HGVS version 1.0, some symbols were used for more than one purpose leading to undesired confusion. These inconsistencies were removed.

  • Prediction / experimental proof
    to clarify a variant described on the protein level is a prediction, without experimental evidence, the recommendation was added to describe the predicted consequence in parentheses, like p.(Arg12Gly).

  • Repeated sequences
    recommendations were made to describe variability in repeated sequences (mono-, di-, tri- residue stretches, etc. (see Repeated sequences).